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Small Spills 40 CFR

The Environmental Protection Agency says that more than a quarter of the nations’ one million underground gasoline and oil tanks leak. And since Valdez ran aground, smaller oil barges have been responsible for two of the three worst U.S. spills. The General Accounting Office says an average of 16,000 small oil spills seep into waterways each year—half of them during loading or unloading operations. In more recent years, the GAO estimates that 46 million gallons have spilled per year, more than four times the Valdez spill.

The following course outline is designed to make employees aware of what their role is in regards to small spills and how they can help to protect the environment.

  1. Overview
    1. Why employees should be trained on small spills
    2. Basic qualities of materials that make them hazardous
    3. Dangers hazardous material spills pose
  2. Identification
    1. Methods employees can use to identify spilled materials
  3. Protection
    1. Types of absorbents
    2. Common misconceptions about absorbents
    3. Why everyday clothes do not provide protection from chemical exposure
    4. Basic spill hazards that require personal protective equipment
  4. Response
    1. Steps employees should take when they encounter small spills
    2. Basic principles of neutralizing spills
    3. Evacuation assembly and accountability procedures
    4. First aid and medical support availability
  5. Hazardous Material Awareness
    1. Hazardous materials
    2. Recognizing hazardous materials in an emergency
    3. How to respond to an emergency involving hazardous materials
  6. Fire Extinguisher
    1. Four classes of fires
    2. Appropriate protective gear
    3. Procedure for using a portable fire extinguisher